Endrocrinology and Diabetology Treatment in India

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Endrocrinology & Diabetology

Treatments under this specialty involve disorders related to endocrine systems. Of all endocrinal disorders, diabetes affects most. India, housing one of the highest diabetic populations in the world has renowned diabetologists and endocrinologists to address all problems related to diabetes. While diabetologists deal only with diabetic patients, endocrinologists cover more endocrinal diseases other than diabetes.

SpringMedo assists you in getting the best Endrocrinology and Diabetology
treatment facilities for a range of metabolic, pituitary and thyroid-related conditions.

Endrocrinology & Diabetology
Diabetes and Hypoglycemia

Diabetes and Hypoglycemia

Impaired insulin secretion causes diabetes resulting high blood glucose levels. This means the amount of insulin secreted is less than that needed by the body for complete breakdown of glucose to liberate energy.  Normally, the glucose level in the blood should be within 70- 100 mg/dL in the fasting stage and less than 140 mg/dL at random. This metabolic disorder falls under three categories: Type I, Type II and Gestational diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic non-communicable disease that needs to be managed by medication and lifestyle changes.

Type I Diabetes: Also known as juvenile diabetes, this condition is totally insulin-dependent. This is a chronic condition when the pancreas produces very little or zero insulin. Genetics and virus are generally responsible for Type I diabetes. Though it is a juvenile disorder, it can happen in adults also.

Type II Diabetes: It is characterized by high blood sugar levels where the pancreas either produces very low amount of insulin or the body is resistant to insulin. Type II is the most common type of diabetes and is different from the Type I. This is mostly hereditary. Obesity can also trigger this condition even if there is no family history of diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes: This is a temporary condition of high blood sugar observed during pregnancy. It goes away after the child birth but poses a risk for the mother to develop Type II diabetes in future.

Hypoglycemia is a condition marked by conspicuously lower blood glucose levels. If not attended properly, it can be fatal.

Thyroid disorders

Thyroid disorders

The number of people suffering from thyroid disorders worldwide is appreciably high. Thyroxine hormone secreted by the thyroid gland located just below the Adam’s apple in our neck regulates various metabolic functions of our body. Over and underproduction of thyroxine gives rise to Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism respectively. Malfunctioning of the thyroid gland can also be caused by adenomas and thyroid cancers.

Pituitary disorders

The pituitary gland can be termed as the master of the endocrine system as it controls the functions of other endocrinal glands. Acromegaly, empty sella syndrome and hypopituitarism are few of the disorders created by hyper or hypoactivity of the pituitary gland.

Adrenal disorders

The small triangular-shaped glands located on the top of kidneys are interconnected with the hypothalamus and pituitary glands. Insufficient secretion of hormones causes Addison’s disease which can be life-threatening.

Lipid disorders

Our bloodstream circulates lipids or lipoproteins namely LDL (Low-density lipoprotein), HDL (High-density lipoprotein) and triglycerides. Lipid disorders often result in the formation of plaques in arteries posing risks for heart attack and stroke. These are normally treated by medication. If lipid deposits cause appreciable arterial blockage, minimally invasive procedures may be needed to prevent any health disaster.

Lipid disorders
Gonadal and Menstrual Disorders

Gonadal and Menstrual Disorders

Males and females have respective gonads namely, testes and ovaries that secrete reproductive hormones. Dysfunction of these hormones often creates a series of gonads and menstrual disorders. Menstrual disorders like very heavy or light flow or missed periods need medical attention else it may affect female fertility. Dysfunction of male hormones testosterone can also lead to male infertility.

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